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Table 1 Valorization of various biomass into EMF

From: Recent progress in the development of advanced biofuel 5-ethoxymethylfurfural

EntryFeedstockCatalystSolventTemp./°CTime/hYield/%Ref.
1HMF30% TaTPA/SnO2EtOHa1200.7590.2[13]
2Fructose30% TaTPA/SnO2EtOH120868[13]
3HMF[MIMBS]3PW12O40EtOH702490.7[14]
4HMFFe3O4@SiO2-HPWEtOH1001184[15]
5FructoseFe3O4@SiO2-HPWEtOH1002455[15]
6HMFC/SBA(45)EtOH110480[16]
7HMFC/MCF(63)EtOH110478[16]
8HMFK-10 clay-AlEtOH100889.5[17]
9HMFCs2STAEtOH1202.591[18]
10FructosePoly (VMPS)-PWEtOH1101072.5[19]
11Fructose[C3N][SO3CF3]-HCSs-1EtOH140267.2[20]
12FructoseHReO4 (10 mol%)EtOH140163[21]
13FructoseHReO4 (10 mol%)EtOH/THFb140173[21]
14InulinHReO4 (10 mol%)EtOH/THF140151[21]
15SucroseHReO4 (10 mol%)EtOH/THF140136[21]
16HMFS-PANIEtOH90683.8[22]
17HMFS-PANI-FeVO4(11)EtOH90680[22]
18SucroseS-PANI-FeVO4(11)EtOH902457.2[22]
19FructoseS-PANI-FeVO4(11)EtOH902472.5[22]
20FructosePSDVB-SO3HEtOH120267.5[23]
21SucrosePSDVB-SO3HEtOH120231.1[23]
22FructoseMCC-SO3HEtOH1201663.2[24]
23InulinMCC-SO3HEtOH1201651.3[24]
24SucroseMCC-SO3HEtOH1201632.5[24]
25GlucoseMCC-SO3HEtOH1201686.5c[24]
26GlucoseSn-BEA and Amberlyst-13EtOH902431[25]
27FructoseH3PW12O40EtOH/THF (5:3)1300.576[26]
28FructoseH3PW12O40EtOH1300.565[26]
29SucroseH3PW12O40EtOH/THF (5:3)1300.533[26]
30InulinH3PW12O40EtOH/THF (5:3)1300.562[26]
31FructoseMIL-101-SO3H(100)EtOH/THF (5:4)1301567.7[27]
32InulinMIL-101-SO3H(100)EtOH/THF (5:4)1301554.2[27]
33CelluloseH2SO4EtOH2001.2514.93[28]
34Corn stoverUSY/H2SO4EtOH2102.0523.9[12]
35CassavaNiSO4EtOH200211.4[29]
36BagasseZr(O)Cl2/CrCl3EtOH/[Bmim]Cl1201521.6d[30]
  1. aEtOH is ethanol; b THF is tetrahydrofuran; c The yield is EG yield; d The yield is mass yield