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Table 4 Preparation of EMF from various solvents system

From: Recent progress in the development of advanced biofuel 5-ethoxymethylfurfural

EntryFeedstockCatalystSolventTemp./°CTime/hYield/%Ref.
1FructoseH3PW12O40EtOH/DMSO(7:3)140130 min64[82]
2SucroseH3PW12O40EtOH/DMSO(7:3)140130 min28[82]
3InulinH3PW12O40EtOH/DMSO(7:3)140130 min54[82]
4Corn stoverUSYEtOH/THF(1:1)1682.921.8[83]
5FructoseMHGC–SO3HEtOH/GVL(2:3)1202467.4[84]
6GlucoseMHGC–SO3HEtOH/GVL(2:3)120243[84]
7SucroseMHGC–SO3HEtOH/GVL(2:3)1202433.1[84]
8InulinMHGC–SO3HEtOH/GVL(2:3)1202452.4[84]
9GlucoseZn-SO3H-GR-carbonethanol/water/THF (20 mL:5 mL:250 mmol)1061.286.3[85]
10Fructose[MIMBS]3PW12O40EtOH902490.5[14]
11HMF[MIMBS]3PW12O40EtOH702490.7[14]
12HMF[DMA]+[CH3SO3]EtOH1201582.8[86]
13Fructose[DMA]+[CH3SO3]EtOH1201657.6[86]
14Cellobiose fibers[DMA]+[CH3SO3]EtOH1202019.8[86]
15Fructose1-Butyl-3-(3-sulfopropyl)-imidazolium chlorideEtOH/Hexanes10080 min55[87]
16Fructose1-Methyl-3-(3-sulfopropyl)-imidazolium chlorideEtOH/Hexanes10080 min54[87]
17Fructose[C4mim][HSO4]EtOH1302083[88]
18Fructose[C1mim][HSO4]EtOH1301577[88]
19Fructose[C2mim][HSO4]EtOH1303081[88]
20Inulin[BMIM][HSO4]EtOH/water1303077[89]
21Inulin[EMIM][HSO4]EtOH/water1303051[89]
22Inulin[HMIM][HSO4]EtOH/water1303063[89]
23InulinAmberlyst-15/ [BMIM][Cl]EtOH1303049[89]
24Sucrose[BMIM][HSO4]EtOH/water1303043[89]
25Fructose[BMIM][HSO4]EtOH/water1302079[89]
26Glucose[BMIM][HSO4]EtOH/water130208[89]